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英语想要考满分,练会这些题目足够了!

转载请注明来源:聚能教育 www.junengjiaoyu.com
2018/05/24

各地期中考试正在陆续进行中。小聚老师将之前必修3每单元的必考知识点练习总结在一起,方便大家集中复习,预祝期中取得好成绩,加油!!!

Unit1 Festivals around the world

Ⅰ. 单句语法填空

1.—I haven't got the reference book yet,but I'll have a test on the subject next month.

—Don't worry.You__shall__have it by Friday.

解析:句意:——我没得到参考书,可我下个月要参加这个科目的考试。——别着急,到星期五你一定会得到它。本题考查情态动词的用法。shall可以表示承诺、决心、命令或指示,意思是“必须,一定,应该”。

2.His favorite food is fried snacks and soft drinks.__It__ is no surprise that losing weight is just his dream.

解析:句意:他最喜爱的食物是油炸小吃和不含酒精的饮料,毫不奇怪减肥对他来说只是个梦。it在这里作形式主语。“that losing weight is just his dream”是真正的主语。

3.It is by no means clear __what__ the president can do to end the strike.

解析:句意:总统能做什么来结束罢工,这点完全不清楚。本句中的it是形式主语,真正的主语是从句what the president can do to end the strike。在从句中,what作do的宾语。

4.__While/Although/Tough__online shopping has changed our life,not all of its effects have been positive.

解析:考查连词。句意:尽管网上购物已经改变了我们的生活,单数不是所有的影响都是积极的。While/Although/Tough引导让步状语从句,意为“尽管,虽然”。

5.At school, some students are active __while__ some are shy, yet they can be good friends with one another.

解析:考查并列连词。句意:在学校,有的学生很活跃而有的很腼腆,但他们能成为好朋友。while在此作并列连词,意为“而,却”,表示对比。

6.You never know where happiness will turn __up__next, so grasp every chance around you.

解析:句意:你绝不会知道接下来幸福会在哪里出现,所以抓住现在所有的机会。由句意可知,填up,turn up意为“出现”。

7.— Where did you get robbed of your handbag, Madam?

—It was at the stop __where__ I usually wait for my bus for work.

解析:考查定语从句。句意:——女士,你是在哪里被抢了包?——是在我平时等公交的那个公交站台(我的包被抢了)。由句意可知,此处是定语从句,先行词是shop,从句部分缺少地点状语,所以填where。

8.As the road to the airport is under reconstruction, we'd better set __off/out__ early to avoid the traffic jam.

解析:set off/out动身,出发。

9.__It__ is surprising that there are so many Chinese restaurants in Toronto.

解析:考查主语从句。句意:令人吃惊的是,在多伦多有这么多中国饭店。that引导的从句是主语从句,it作形式主语。

10.Either the judge or the lawyers __were__ wrong on the case at that moment.

解析:句意:那时,在这件案子上,不是法官错了,就是律师们错了。并列主语由either...or...,neither...nor...等连接,谓语应与or或nor后面的主语保持一致,根据题干中or后的the lawyers可知用复数,又根据at that moment可知用一般过去时。

11.Legend has it that the origin of the Dragon Boat Festival is__to_recall__(recall) the soul of Qu Yuan.

解析:句意:传说端午节的起源是为了召回屈原的灵魂。

12.When the sports hero turned __up__ at our party, he was welcomed with open arms.

解析:句意:当那位体育英雄在我们的宴会上露面时,人们都张开双臂欢迎他。turn up出现,露面。体育英雄在宴会上出现(turn up)才能受欢迎,故填up。

13.—Could you tell me the trick __of__making such tasty cakes?

—Well, I just follow the directions in the cookbook.

解析:句意:——你能告诉我制作这样美味的蛋糕的技巧吗?——哦,我就是照着烹饪书上的说明做的。

14.India attained __independence__(depend) in 1947, after __a__ long struggle.

解析:句意:经过很长的斗争后,印度在1947年独立了。independence (国家的)独立,自主,是不可数名词,其前不用冠词。struggle是单数名词,其前加不定冠词a。

15.Traditionally, college students hold a graduation ceremony to encourage themselves before they set __off/out__ on their life journey.

解析:句意:传统上,大学生在开始他们的人生旅程前举办一个毕业典礼来激励他们自己。

Ⅱ. 完成句子

1.It is amazing that great changes __have_taken_place__(发生) in the rural areas in the last two decades.

2.The best way is __to_hold_your_breath__(屏住呼吸) and pretend to be dead when you come across a bear in the forest.

3.He came to me __in_the_belief_that__(相信) I could help him and be relied on.

4.Celebrating the Dragon Boat Festival will __remind_us_of__(使我们想起) the great poet, Qu Yuan.

5.He apologized for having parked the car in her garage __without_permission__(未经许可).

6.很明显,这位美女与这个幽默的留着长胡子的音乐家交情很好。

__It_is_obvious_that__ the beauty is on familiar terms with the humorous musician with a long beard.

7.最有经验、最有益的老师是那些不仅教给我们知识而且还教我们如何获取知识的人。

The most experienced and helpful teachers are __the_ones_who(=those_who)__ can not only offer us knowledge but also tell us the way how to __gain_knowledge__.

8.他的房间到处都是各种不同的图书,看上去仿佛是个小图书馆。

His room, filled with all kinds of books here and there, __looks_as_if/though__ it is a small library.

9.他们一获得许可就马上出发去灾区。

On getting the __permission__, they __set_off/out_for__ the disaster-hit area.

10.发现梦想破灭了,这个百万富翁借酒消愁。

__Finding__ the wing of his dream broken, the millionaire __drowned_his_sadness__ in alcohol.

Ⅲ. 单句改错

1.Either you or the headmaster are to hand out the prizes to those gifted students at the meeting.

__are→is__

2.Great changes have been taken place in the school over the past three years, which deeply impresses me.

__去掉been__

3.She has been looking forward to have a chance to pay a visit to Zhangjiajie.

__have→having__

4.You can rely on it that he will turn up on time, because he always keeps his words.

__words→word__

5.There is not necessary for you to have told her about the bad news.

__There→It__

6.In some places women are expected to earn money when men work at home and raise their children.

__when→while__

Ⅳ. 教材原句

1.The country, __covered__ (cover) with cherry tree flowers, looks as though it __is_covered__ (cover) with pink snow.

解析:第一空考查非谓语动词作定语,cover与the country之间为动宾关系,故填过去分词表被动;第二空考查谓语动词,主语与cover之间为被动关系,且主句为一般现在时,可知答案。

2.__If__ the neighbors do not give any sweets, the children might play a trick __on__ them.

解析:第一空考查状语从句引导词,根据语意,此处表示条件;第二空为固定短语,“play a trick on sb.”。

3.Festivals and celebrations of all kinds __have_been_held__ (hold) everywhere since ancient times.

解析:考查动词时态与语态。根据since可知应用现在完成时,hold与主语之间为动宾关系,故填have been held。

4.Some Western countries have very exciting carnivals, __which__ take place forty days before Easter, usually in February.

解析:考查定语从句。which引导非限制性定语从句,在从句中作主语。

5.India has a national festival __on__ October 2 to honor Mohandas Gandhi, __the__ leader who helped gain India's independence.

解析:第一空考查具体日期前加on;第二空考查冠词用法,此处表特指。

6.Easter is __an__ important religious and social festival for Christians around the world.

解析:考查冠词的用法。此处表示泛指,且important的始发音为元音,故填an。

7.He had looked forward to __meeting__ (meet) her all day, and now he was alone with his roses and chocolates, like a fool.

解析:考查固定短语的用法。look forward to doing “期望做某事”。

8.As he sadly passed the tea shop on the corner on his way home, he heard a voice __calling__ (call) him.

解析:考查“hear+宾语+宾补”。a voice与call之间为主动关系且表示正在进行,故填calling。

9.She could be with her friends right now __laughing__ (laugh) at him.

解析:考查分词作状语。she与laugh之间为主动关系,故填laughing。

10.__Finding__ (find) that Zhinü was heart-broken, her grandmother finally decided to let the couple cross the Milky Way __to_meet__ (meet) once a year.

解析:第一空考查分词作状语,find与逻辑主语之间为主动关系故填现在分词形式;第二空考查不定式作目的状语。

Ⅴ. 语篇填空

Some festivals ①__are_held__(hold) to honour the dead or to satisfy the ancestors, who might return either to help ②__or__ to do harm. For the Japanese festival Obon, people should go to clean graves and light incense ③__in__ memory of their ancestors. They also light lamps and play music ④__because__ they think that this will lead the ancestors back to earth. In Mexico, people celebrate the Day of the Dead in early November. On this important feast day, people eat food in the shape of skulls and cakes ⑤__with__ “bones” on them. They offer food, flowers and gifts to ⑥__the__ dead. The Western holiday Halloween also had its origin in old ⑦__beliefs__(believe) about the return of the spirits of dead people. It is now a children's festival, ⑧__when__ they can dress up and go to their neighbours' homes ⑨__to_ask__(ask) for sweets. If the neighbours do not give any sweets, the children might play a trick ⑩__on__ them.

Ⅵ. 话题写作

用本单元所学知识完成下列句子,并按照逻辑连成短文。

1.春节总是让我们想到家庭团聚

The Spring Festival always__reminds_us_of_the_family_reunion__.

2.在春节有各种各样的活动,因此孩子们特别盼望春节。

There are all kinds of activities in the Spring Festival,as a result ,children especiallylook forward to it .

3.对成年人来说,这是一段美好的时光。他们相互表达感激、原谅或宽恕之情。

It's a good time for adults when they canexpress appreciation make an apology orforgive each other .

4.很遗憾的是有些人由于各种原因,不能出现在这个重大的节日里。

It is a pity that some people can'tturn up at such a great festival for a variety of reasons.

组篇公式:将句1、2改成定语从句。

答案:

The Spring Festival always reminds us of the family reunion, when there are all kinds of activities, as a result, children especially look forward to it. It's also a good time for adults when they can express appreciation, make an apology or forgive each other. However, it is a pity that some people can't turn up at such a great festival for a variety of reasons.

Unit2 Healthy eating

Ⅰ. 单句语法填空

1.Many people have come to realize that they should go on __a__ balanced diet and make room in their day for exercise.

解析:句意:许多人已经意识到他们应该保持平衡的饮食,而且每天留时间进行锻炼。a balanced diet平衡的饮食。

2.—How was your recent trip to Sichuan?

—I've never had a __more__ pleasant one before.

解析:考查形容词的比较级。句意:——你最近去四川的旅行怎么样?——这是让我最为愉快的旅行了。否定词never与比较级a more pleasant构成最高级的含义。

3.—In this day and age, women can have children and jobs as well.

—I can't agree more.It's great to have the two__combined__(combine).

解析:句意:——在现在这个年代,妇女可以兼顾养育子女与工作。——我非常同意。把这两者结合起来是非常棒的。

4.Since nobody gave him any help, he __must__ have done the research on his own.

解析:本题考查情态动词的用法。句意:因为没有人帮助他,他一定是自己独立完成的研究。must have done表示对过去事实的肯定推测。

5.While prices are rising so fast,many people are working out ways to cut __down__their expenses.

解析:句意:当价格飞涨时,许多人做出了削减费用的举措。cut down削减,缩短,砍倒。

6.You'd better take into account your own __strengths__(strong) and weaknesses before choosing a major.

解析:句意:在选专业之前你最好考虑你的优缺点。strength“强项,优势”,符合句意。

7.The child should be punished.You shouldn't let him get __away__ with telling lies.

解析:句意:这孩子应受到惩罚。他撒谎你不应该不处罚他。get away with侥幸成功;逃脱处罚。

8.—Are you pleased with what he has done?

—Not a bit.It couldn't be any __worse__(bad).

解析:考查形容词的比较级。答语中的Not a bit表示“一点儿也不”,由此可知,第二个说话人认为他做的事情糟糕透顶,此处是否定词与比较级连用表示最高级含义。

9.Mr.Stevenson is great to work for—I really couldn't ask for a __better__(good) boss.

解析:考查比较级用法。“can't/couldn't...+比较级”表示最高级含义。根据前半句“Mr.Stevenson is great to work for”可知,Stevenson是一个不错的老板,因此说“我真的找不到个比他更好的老板了”,表示在我看来他是最好的。

10.Whom do you expect to have __solve__(solve) the problem of overloaded school buses?

解析:句意:你希望让谁来解决校车超载的问题?expect to do sth.表示“期望做某事”;have sb.do sth.表示“让某人做某事”。本句是对“expect to have sb.do sth.”中的宾语sb.进行提问。

11.My uncle hasn't been able to quit smoking, but at least he has cut__down__.

解析:句意:我叔叔没能戒烟,但至少他减少了用量。cut down意为“削减,减少;砍倒”,符合题意。

12.—Why do you choose to work in an international travel agency?

—Well, you know, English is my__strength__(strong).So it is my best choice.

解析:句意:——你为什么选择在国际旅行社工作?——噢,你知道,英语是我的强项。因此这是我的最佳选择。strength“强项,优点,长处”。

13.I had hoped to take a holiday this year but I wasn't able to get__away__.

解析:句意:我本希望今年度假,但我不能离开。get away离开,抽身,脱身,符合题意。

14.No one __could__ be more generous;he has a heart of gold.

解析:本题考查情态动词。句意:没有人能更慷慨,他有一颗金子般的心。could能够,符合题意。

15.You are working too hard.You'd better keep a __balance__ (balanced) between work and relaxation.

解析:本题考查名词的用法。句意:你工作太努力了,你最好在工作和休闲方面保持平衡。keep a balance“保持平衡”。

Ⅱ. 完成句子

1.Sometimes, __telling_lies__(说谎) is not necessarily harmful, for example, white lies.

2.The best thing to do with your weight problem is to limit yourself to 1,000 calories a day to try to __lose_weight__(减肥).

3.He had a burning desire __to_win_back__(赢回) his father's love and confidence.

4.He pretended to be ill and skipped school, but he didn't __get_away_with_it__(逃脱处罚).

5.__Neither_you_nor_I__(你我都不)am so energetic as to stay up all night watching movies.

6.我想没有什么比失去一个忠实的朋友更令人痛苦的了。

I think nothing is __more_painful__ than losing a devoted friend.

7.现在我们国家已经非常关注保持经济发展和环境之间的平衡。

Now our country has paid much attention to __keeping_a_balance__ between economic development and environment.

8.我不允许你那样搞恶作剧。

I won't have you __playing_a_trick(=tricks)__ like that.

9.有了医生了的帮助,我就能够把体重减轻,又变得苗条起来。

__With_the_help_of_the_doctor(=With_the_doctor's_help)__,I could lose weight and become slim again.

10.汤姆一定跟他道过歉并得到了原谅,因为他们在那边有说有笑的,玩得开心得很呢!

Tom __must_have_apologized_to(=must_have_made_an_apology_to)__ him and got his forgiveness, for they are having fun there, talking and laughing merrily.

Ⅲ. 单句改错

1.She is so fat that she has made up her mind to go on diet to lose weight.

__diet前加a__

2.Both of the two restaurants have their strength and weaknesses, so they decided to combine them together into a larger one.

__strength→strengths__

3.They stood there, glared at each other without a word.

__glared→glaring__

4.Knowledge can be great benefit to everybody.

__great前加of__

5.China today is no longer that what she used to be thirty years ago.

__去掉that__

6.I'm very sorry to have had you wait for so long.

__wait→waiting__

7.—What do you think of the concert?

—I have never seen a more better one.

__去掉more__

8.Whom do you expect to have helped you with your English.

__helped→help__

Ⅳ. 教材原句

1.Suddenly he saw his friend Li Chang__hurrying__(hurry) by.

解析:考查“see+宾语+宾补”结构。hurry与his friend 之间为主动关系,且表正在进行。

2.He could not have Yong Hui__getting__(get) away with telling people lies!

解析:考查“have+宾语+宾补”的用法。get 与宾语之间为主动关系,此处表示“让某人一直做……”。故填getting。

3.Perhaps__with__a discount and a new sign he could win his customers__back__ .

解析:第一空考查with的用法。表示“通过,使用”;第二空为固定短语,win back意为“赢回”。

4.Their balanced diets became such a success__that__before long Wang Peng became slimmer and Yong Hui put__on__more weight.

解析:第一空考查句式“such...that...”;第二空考查固定短语“put on weight”,意为“增加体重”。

5.Wany Peng was amazed__at__this and especially at the prices.

解析:考查固定短语,be amazed at 意为“因……而惊讶”。

6.Something terrible__must__have happened if Li Chang was not coming to eat in his restaurant__as__ he always did.

解析:第一空考查情态动词,表示对“过去情况非常肯定的推测”用must have done;第二空考查as的用法,表示“正如,像……”。

7.But don't you think it would be better if you were a bit__thinner__(thin).

解析:考查形容词的比较级,a bit修饰比较级。

8.I found your menu so__limited__(limit) that I stopped__worrying__(worry) and started advertising the benefits of my food.

解析:第一空考查词形转换“find+宾语+adj.”,limited“有限的”;第二空考查“stop doing sth.”。

9.According__to__my research, neither your restaurant nor mine__offers__(offer) a balanced diet.

解析:第一空考查according to意为“根据”;第二空考查主谓一致,谓语动词就近原则。

10.They were both enjoying dumplings and breast of chicken__cooked__(cook) with garlic.

解析:考查非谓语动词作定语。cook与chicken之间为被动关系,故用cooked。

Ⅴ. 语篇填空

They began to talk about menus and ①__balanced__(balance) diets.“According to my research, neither your restaurant ②__nor__ mine offers a balanced diet,” explained Wang Peng.“I don't offer enough fibre ③__and__ you don't offer enough body-building and energy-giving food. Perhaps ④__we__ ought to combine our ideas and provide a balanced menu ⑤__with__ food full of energy and fibre.” So that is what they did. They served raw vegetables with the hamburgers and boiled the potatoes rather than ⑥__fried__(fry) them. They served fresh fruit with the ice cream. In this way they cut down the fat and increased the fibre in the meal. Their balanced diets became such a success ⑦__that__ before long Wang Peng became ⑧__slimmer__(slim) and Yong Hui put on more ⑨__weight__(weigh).After some time the two found that their business cooperation had turned into ⑩__a__ personal one. Finally they got married and lived happily ever after.

Ⅵ. 话题写作

用本单元所学知识完成下列句子,并按照逻辑连成短文。

1.这些是保持健康的几条可行性建议。

Here are some practical tips for you to__keep_healthy/fit__.

2.你需要健康均衡的饮食。

You are supposed to__have_a_healthy_and_balanced_diet__.

3.不要吃富含糖类和脂肪的食物。

Don't eat food__containing/which_contains__too much sugar and fat.

4.它们容易让你长胖。

They will make you__put_on/gain_weight__easily.

5.因此应该减少它们的摄入量。

You should__cut_down__the amount of them.

6.为了健康,充分的休息是必要的。

It is necessary to have enough rest__for_the_benefit_of__your health.

组篇公式:将句3、4用定语从句连接。

答案:

Here are some practical tips for you to keep healthy/fit. First of all,you are supposed to have a healthy and balanced diet. Besides, don't eat food containing too much sugar and fat,which will make you put on/gain weight easily. Therefore, you should cut down the amount of them. Meanwhile, it is necessary to have enough rest for the benefit of your health.

Unit3 The Million Pound Bank Note

Ⅰ. 单句语法填空

1.—Jack can't concentrate on his lessons recently.

—Yes, that might account__for__his low score in the last test.

解析:句意:——最近杰克不集中精力学习。——是的,这可能是他上次考试得分低的原因。account for...“解释,是……的原因”符合句意。

2.The realization of the Chinese dream won't affect dreams of other countries.__On__ the contrary, it helps them realize their own dreams.

解析:句意:中国梦的实现不会影响其他国家的梦想,相反地,这会帮助他们实现梦想。由句意可知,选on the contrary,意为“相反地”。

3.__Whenever__ I have to give a speech, I get extremely nervous before I start.

解析:考查让步状语从句。句意:无论何时我要进行演讲,在开始前我都会极其紧张。

4.Exactly __when__ the potato was introduced into Europe is uncertain, but it was probably around 1565.

解析:本题考查名词性从句的引导词。句意:马铃薯是在什么时候被引进到欧洲的不确定,但是可能是在1565年左右。分析结构可知,此处是主语从句的引导词。根据but并列句中的关键词 around 1565可以知道,此处表示“时间”,故要用when引导主语从句。

5.The professor thought that the idea the young engineer brought __up__ was worth considering.

解析:句意:教授认为那位年轻的工程师提出的想法值得考虑。分析句子结构可知,“the young engineer ________”是定语从句,修饰先行词the idea,且根据句意可知,bring up“提出”符合句意。

6.—What will we do tomorrow?

—It is unclear whether the meeting will go __ahead__ as planned.

解析:句意:——我们明天做什么?——尚不清楚会议是否会按计划举行。go ahead进行,符合句意。

7.“Every time you eat a sweet, drink green tea.” This is __what__ my mother used to tell me.

解析:本题考查名词性从句的引导词。句意:“每次你吃甜东西,喝点绿茶。”这是过去妈妈经常对我说的话。分析结构可知,此处考查的是表语从句的引导词。从句缺少tell的一个宾语,用what引导。

8.There is much chance __that__ Bill will recover from his injury in time for the race.

解析:There is much chance that...为常用句型,意为“很有可能……”。that引导的从句说明chance的内容,等同于同位语从句。

9.I found Jane __seated__(seat) at the desk, __doing__(do) her homework carefully.

解析:句意:我发现简坐在桌旁认真地做作业。seat为及物动词,用法为be seated或seat oneself,所以Jane后可接seated或sitting作宾补;doing her homework carefully是现在分词短语作伴随状语。

10.—Could I use this dictionary?

—Just go__ahead__.It's a spare one.

解析:本题考查情景交际。句意:“我能用一下这本词典吗?”“________,这是多余的一本。”根据“It's a spare one.”可知,后者应该是同意前者使用这本词典。just go ahead意为“用吧”,表示同意,符合语境。

11.There is no greater pleasure than lying on my back in the middle of the grassland,__staring__(stare) at the night sky.

解析:本题考查非谓语动词。句意:没有什么能比躺在草地中央凝视着夜空让人感到更高兴的事儿了。根据句中的on my back可知,lying的动作由“我”发出,而stare的逻辑主语也是“我”,“凝视夜空”的动作由“我”主动发出,故用现在分词短语作状语,表示伴随。

12.Even the best writers sometimes find themselves __lost__(lose) for words.

解析:考查非谓语动词。句意:即使最好的作家有时发现自己无以言辞。be lost for words“说不出话来”。然后结合“find+宾语+宾语补足语”结构可知,此处用lost作宾语补足语。

13.Whenever I made mistakes, the teacher pointed them out with __patience__ (patient).

解析:句意:每当我出错时,老师总是耐心地给我指出。with patience耐心地。

14.Born into a family with three brothers,David was brought __up__ to value the sense of sharing.

解析:本题考查动词短语在具体语境中的应用。句意:生在一个有三个兄弟的家庭里,戴维被教育要珍惜分享意识。bring up“教育,抚养”。

15.He seems to be giving the impression that he didn't enjoy himself in Paris.__On__ the contrary, he had a wonderful time.

解析:句意:他好像是在给人一个印象:他在巴黎玩得不快乐。正相反,他玩得很开心。on the contrary“正相反”。

Ⅱ. 完成句子

1.A poor woman dressed __in_rags__(衣衫褴褛) and shaking with cold was struggling on a lonely road, while the merciless rain was beating her without pause.

2.When wandering in the strange city, he met one of his old classmates __by_accident/chance__(偶然).

3.The businessman put __a_large_amount/sum_of_money__(一大笔钱) in the envelope carelessly.

4.Once you are determined to cut down on smoking, __on_no_account__(绝不) should you give up halfway.

5.__As_for__(关于) the water pollution, the local government has taken action to deal with it and before long you will find the river clean again.

6.不管我们做什么,我们应该顾及到国家的利益。

__Whatever_we_do__, we ought to take into account the interests of the state.

7.与许多人想像的正想反,这位毕业生来这儿不是为了追求名誉与金钱,而是为了追求生命的真正价值。

__Contrary_to__ what many people thought, the graduate came here not to __seek_fame__ or money but the true value of life.

8.确实,为了还清债务,这些年他们日夜不停地工作,这就是他们为什么看起来很苍老的原因了。

Indeed, they worked hard day and night these years in the hope of paying off all their debts, __which_accounted_for__ their aged look.

9.众所周知,吃太多脂肪和含糖食品容易使人变胖。

__It_is_well-known_that__eating too much fat and sugary food makes one put on weight easily.

10.李医生建议我多吃膳食纤维,避免无限制地吃含糖小食品。

__It_is__ Doctor Li __that/who__ advises me to add more fibre to my diet and avoid eating sugary desserts without limits.

Ⅲ. 单句改错

1.They came on the scene,which a traffic accident happened.

__which→where__

2.Weather permits, we will set off for the warehouse for some bargains.

__permits→permitting__

3.Spotting shopping shoulder to shoulder with a girl, I felt very embarrassed.

__spotting→spotted__

4.Born into a family with three brothers, David brought up to value the sense of sharing.

__brought前加was__

5.I won't take chance on a July holiday in Britain—it always rains.

__chance前加a或chance→chances__

6.I often see some beggars in rag when I walk on the street,and I always offer them some food.

__rag→rags__

Ⅳ. 教材原句

1.At this moment, they see a penniless young man__wandering__(wander) on the pavement.

解析:考查“感官动词+宾语+宾补”结构。结合语境可知宾语与wander之间为主动关系,且动作正在进行。

2.It is Henry Adams, an American businessman,__who/that__is lost in London and does not know what he should do.

解析:考查强调句型,且强调的是“人”,作主语。

3.You must come whenever you want and have__whatever__you like.

解析:考查宾语从句,且从句中缺少宾语,结合语意可知答案。

4.It's__amazing__(amaze) how much pleasure you get out of the simple things in life.

解析:考查词形转换及amazed与amazing的区别。修饰事物,意为“令人吃惊的”,用amazing。

5.I did hear that the Bank of England__had_issued__(issue) two notes in this amount.

解析:考查动词时态。issue发生在“did hear”之前,故用过去完成时态。

6.I'm so sorry, sir, so sorry,__but__I cannot change this bank note.

解析:考查固定句式“I'm sorry, but...”此结构中but不表示转折,而是引出下文,进行解释、说明。

7.Henry is surprised but the owner and the waiter are__shocked__(shock).

解析:考查词形转换。此处填形容词作表语,且表示主语自己“感到震惊”。

8.I wonder, Mr Adams,__whether/if__you'd mind us asking a few questions.

解析:考查宾语从句的引导词。结合语意可知此处表示“是否”的意思,故填whether/if。

9.The fact is__that__I earned my passage by working as an unpaid hand,__which__accounts for my appearance.

解析:第一空考查表语从句,从句中不缺少句子成份,也不缺少语意,故填that;第二空考查非限制性定语从句,且从句中缺少主语,先行词指事物,故用which。

Ⅴ. 语篇填空

HENRY: Oh, yes. Well, towards nightfall I found myself ①__carried__(carry) out to sea by a strong wind. It was all my fault. I didn't know whether I could survive until morning. The next morning I'd just about given myself up for lost ②__when__ I was spotted by a ship.

OLIVER: And ③__it__ was the ship that brought you to England.

HENRY: Yes. The fact is that I earned my passage by working ④__as__ an unpaid hand, which accounts for my ⑤__appearance__(appear).I went to the American embassy ⑥__to_seek__(seek) help, but...(The brothers smile at each other.)

RODERICK: Well, you mustn't worry about that. It's ⑦__an__ advantage.

HENRY: I'm afraid I don't quite follow you, sir.

RODERICK: Tell us, Mr Adams, what sort of work did you do in America?

HENRY: I worked for a mining company. Could you offer ⑧__me__ some kind of work here?

RODERICK: Patience, Mr Adams.⑨__If__ you don't mind, may I ask you how much money you have?

HENRY: Well, to be honest, I have ⑩__none__.

Ⅵ. 话题写作

用本单元所学知识完成下列句子,并按照逻辑连成短文。

1.马克·吐温,成长于美国中部的密苏里州,是19世纪美国最著名的作家之一。

Mark Twain was one of the best known American writers in the nineteenth century and__was_brought_up__in Missouri in the middle part of the United States.

2.他的家乡在密西西比河河畔,马克·吐温在那里度过了他的童年。成年后,起初未经父亲同意,他冒险在密西西比河的船上当过一段时间的水手。

His hometown__lay_on__the banks of the Mississippi River, where he spent his childhood.When he grew up,he__took_a_chance__to work as a sailor on a river boat for some time,which__was_not_permitted__by his father at first.

3.在征求了父亲的一些有用的建议后,他决定当一名作家。这一职业帮他赚了很多钱。

After__seeking_some_useful_advice_from__his father,he decided to become a writer,which helped him make an amount of money.

4.他的很多作品被译成多种语言,这就是全世界读者深深喜爱他和他的作品的原因。

Many of his works have been translated into many languages,which__accounted_for__the reason why he and his works__are_deeply_loved_by_readers__throughout the world.

组篇公式:用同位语形式改写句1;用定语从句改写句4。

答案:

Mark Twain,one of the best known American writers in the nineteenth century,was brought up in Missouri in the middle part of the United States.

Mark Twain's hometown lay on the banks of the Mississippi River,where he spent his childhood. When he grew up,he took a chance to work as a sailor on a river boat for some time,which was not permitted by his father at first. After seeking some useful advice from his father, he decided to become a writer, which helped him make an amount of money.

Mark Twain wrote a lot of novels,some of which have been translated into many languages, which accounted for the reason why he and his works are deeply loved by readers throughout the world.

Unit4 Astronomy:the science of the stars

Ⅰ. 单句语法填空

1.It is obvious __what__ the local government can do to protect the environment for future generations.

解析:句意:为了子孙后代,当地政府在保护环境方面所能做的事情是显而易见的。It为形式主语,________ the local government can do to protect the environment for future generations是真正的主语,该主语从句缺少宾语,且表示物,故填what。

2.New technologies have made __it__ possible to turn out new products faster and at a lower cost.

解析:考查it作形式宾语。

3.All possible means __have_been_taken__(take) to prevent the river __being_polluted__ (pollute).

解析:考查主谓一致和非谓语动词。

4.If they win the final tonight, the team are going to tour around the city __to_be_cheered__(cheer) by their enthusiastic supporters.

解析:考查非谓语动词。

5.The meeting was held in a lively atmosphere __where__ everybody felt to share his ideas.

解析:考查定语从句。从句中缺少地点状语,故填where。

6.During those four years, he worked day and night, thus __improving__(improve) his theory gradually until it was complete.

解析:考查v-ing形式作结果状语。

7.Those reports included one case, __where/in_which__ a fire broke out and destroyed two cars,although there were no injuries.

解析:考查非限制性定语从句。

8.I suppose by the time I come back in ten year's time all these old houses will __have_been_pulled__ (pull) down.

解析:考查时态和语态。

9.Sometimes he found __it__very hard to fall asleep at night, so he went to see the doctor.

解析:考查it作形式宾语。

10.Susan made __it__ clear to me that she wished to make a new life for herself.

解析:本题考查代词的运用。句意:苏珊清楚地跟我表明她希望为自己创造新的生活。分析句子结构可以看出,该句中包含一个that引导的从句,而且根据语境可知,that从句的内容就是苏珊向我表明的事情,所以后置的that从句实际上是made的真正宾语,故用形式宾语it指代that从句。

11.The manager wants to see changes in the company, and I am sure he will __in__ time.

解析:句意:经理想要看到公司的改变,我确信他迟早会看到的。in time“及时;最后,迟早”,符合题意。

12.It remains to be seen __whether__ the newly formed committee's policy can be put into practice.

解析:本题考查名词性从句。句意:那仍然得看新形成的委员会政策能否付诸实践。It在此为形式主语,故seen后为真正的主语从句,又由remains to be seen可知存在不确定的意思,所以用whether是否。

13.The top leaders of the two countries are holding talks in a __friendly__(friend) atmosphere.

解析:句意:两国高层领导人在友好的氛围(atmosphere)中进行谈判。

14.—Thank God you're safe!

—I stepped back, just in time __to_avoid__(avoid) the racing car.

解析:答语句意:我退后了一步,正好避开了奔跑的汽车。in time to do sth.“正赶上做某事”。

15.It's said that the power plant is now twice __as__ large as what it was.

解析:本题考查倍数的表达法。句意:据说这个发电厂现在是过去的两倍大。“倍数+as...as”是倍数的表达法,意为“是……的几倍”,其中as...as之间要用原级。

Ⅱ. 完成句子

根据语境和汉语提示完成下列英语句子。

1.An exceptionally big fire __broke_out__(爆发) at midnight.Luckily, firefighters arrived just __in_time__(及时) for the rescue.

2.Atmosphere __blocks_out__(挡住) a large amount of harmful light from space.

3.__Now_that__(既然) we have finished the design, the company, __in_its_turn__(轮到), will do the construction.

4.__On_a_global_scale__(在全球范围内), AIDS may well become the leading cause of infant death.

5.He, as well as his sister, __was_brought_up__(被抚养) in the mountainous area where education facilities are far from satisfactory.

6.建议采取措施来阻止工厂排放有害气体。

__It_is_suggested_that__measures should be taken to prevent factories from discharging harmful gases into the air.

7.地球变暖是否加剧取决于我们的活动是否产生更多的二氧化碳。

Whether the global warming will become more serious __depends_on_whether__ our activities will produce more carbon dioxide.

8.大部分证据被毁了,不可能证明这种食物是有毒的了。

Most of the evidence is destroyed, __which_makes_it_impossible__to prove that the food is poisonous.

9.证人的描述太难以置信,没有任何实际价值。

The witness's deions were __too__ unbelievable __to__ be of any real value.

10.没有什么比得上一句诚心的问候更令人愉快了。

There is nothing __more_pleasant_than__ a cheerful word of greeting.

Ⅲ. 单句改错

1.She has got into the bad habit of reading in the bed, which is harmful for her eyes.

__for→to__

2.All theories come from practice and in return serve practice.

__return→turn__

3.The twin brothers stood under the tree, puzzling and saying nothing.

__puzzling→puzzled__

4.The sun heats the earth, which makes possible for plants to grow.

__makes后加it__

5.The new stadium being built for the next Asian Games will be three times as larger as the present one.

__larger→large__

6.You'll succeed on time because you are always working hard.

__on→in__

Ⅳ. 教材原句

1.__What__is even more important is that__as__the earth cooled down, water began to appear on its surface.

解析:第一空考查主语从句,从句中缺少主语,故填what;第二空考查状语从句,结合语意可知此处表示“伴随”。

2.According to a widely__accepted__(accept) theory, the universe began with a “Big Bang”__that/which__threw matter in all directions.

解析:第一空考查非谓语动词作定语修饰theory,且accept与theory之间为被动关系,故填accepted;第二空考查定语从句,从句中缺少主语且指物,故填that/which。

3.It was not immediately obvious__that__water was to be fundamental__to__the development of life.

解析:第一空考查主语从句,it为形式主语,that引导的从句是真正的主语;第二空考查固定短语,be fundamental to 意为“是……的基础”。

4.As a result__of__this, many scientists believe the earth may become too hot __to_live__(live) on.

解析:第一空考查固定短语;第二空考查“too...to...”结构。

5.__Whether__life will continue on the earth for millions of years to come will depend on whether this problem can be solved.

解析:考查主语从句。从句中不缺主语和宾语,结合语意可知答案是whether。

6.__What__many scientists believe is that the continued presence of water allowed the earth to dissolve__harmful__ (harm) gases and acids into the oceans and seas.

解析:第一空考查主语从句,从句中缺少宾语;第二空考查词形转换,修饰名词,故填形容词harmful。

7.They are putting too much carbon dioxide__into__the atmosphere,__which__prevents heat from escaping from the earth into space.

解析:第一空考查介词,结合语意可知填into;第二空考查非限制性定语从句,从句中缺少主语且指物,故填which。

8.Leaving the moon's gravity__was/is__(be) not as painful as leaving the earth's.

解析:考查主谓一致。动名词作主语时谓语动词用单数。

Ⅴ. 语篇填空

No one knows exactly how the earth began, as it happened so long ago. However, according to a ①__widely__(wide) accepted theory, the universe began ②__with__ a “Big Bang” that threw matter in all directions. After that, atoms began to form and combine to create stars and other bodies.

For several billion years after ③__the__ “Big Bang”, the earth was still just a cloud of dust. What ④__it__ was to become was ⑤__uncertain__(certain) until between 4.5 and 3.8 billion years ago ⑥__when__ the dust settled into a solid globe. The earth became so violent ⑦__that__ it was not clear whether the shape would last or not. It ⑧__exploded__(explode) loudly with fire and rock.They were in time to produce carbon, nitrogen, water vapour and other gases, ⑨__which__ were to make the earth's atmosphere. What is even more important is that as the earth cooled down, water began to appear ⑩__on__ its surface.

Ⅵ. 话题写作

用本单元所学知识完成下列句子,并按照逻辑连成短文。

1.火星上有生命吗?不知道。我们能成功登上火星吗?那完全取决于科学技术的发展。

Is there life on Mars? We don't know.Can we land on Mars successfully? That all__depends_on__the development of science and technology.

2.到目前为止,我们虽然对火星有点了解,但根本不够。火星上几乎没有氧气,中午的温度可能在50度左右,而晚上则在零下100度左右。这阻止我们在那里生活。

Until now we__have_known_a_little_about__Mars,but that's not enough.__There_exists__almost no oxygen on Mars.It might be about 50 degrees above zero at noon and 100 degrees below zero at night and it__prevents_us_from_living_there__.

3.既然火星与地球完全不同,如果我们计划有朝一日去火星,我们就要带上氧气、食物、衣服和住所。

__Now_that__Mars is quite__different_from__our earth,if we are to go to Mars__in_time__, we should take along our own oxygen, food, clothing__as_well_as__shelter.

组篇公式:将句2改为定语从句。

答案:

Is there life on Mars? We don't know.Can we land on Mars successfully? That all depends on the development of science and technology. Until now we have known a little about Mars, but that's not enough. There exists almost no oxygen on Mars.It might be about 50 degrees above zero at noon and 100 degrees below zero at night, which prevents us from living there. Now that Mars is quite different from our earth, if we are to go to Mars in time, we should take along our own oxygen,food,clothing as well as shelter.

Unit5 Canada—“The True North”

Ⅰ. 单句语法填空

1.My first __impression__(impress) of him was that he was a kind and thoughtful young man.

解析:考查名词。句意:我对他的第一印象是他是一个善良且有思想的年轻人。

2.He heard someone following him,and glanced round. He caught sight __of__ a dark figure in the shadows.

解析:句意:他听到有人在跟踪他,便向周围扫了一眼,发现阴暗处有一个黑影。catch sight of看见;瞥见,符合句意。

3.The equipment for disabled people should be __within__ easy reach in public places.

解析:考查介词短语。句意:在公共场所,残疾人使用的设施应该方便残疾人。由句意可知,填within,within easy reach在附近(距离不远)。

4.Scientists have found evidence __that__ global warming caused the world's first horses to become smaller nearly 50 million years ago.

解析:考查同位语从句。句意:科学家们已经找到证据,证明大约5000万年前,全球变暖使世界上首批马的个头变小了。根据句意可知,空后说的是evidence的内容,并且句中不缺少成分,所以用that引导同位语从句。

5.—When did you get home last night?

—It was almost midnight __when__ we arrived home.

解析:考查状语从句。句意:——你们昨晚什么时候到家的?——我们到家的时候差不多是午夜了。答语中“It was almost midnight”为主句,空处引导时间状语从句,应用连词when。此题容易误填that,误把答语当作强调句型。如果是强调句型,应是:It was at midnight that we arrived home。

6.—Have you finished the report?

—Oh, sorry.It was so noisy in the office that I couldn't settle __down__ to write anything.

解析:答语句意:哦,抱歉。办公室里太吵了以至于我都静不下心来写东西。settle down意为“平静下来;专心于”。

7.At the meeting,all the people were deeply impressed __with__ her brilliant report.

解析:句意:会议上,所有人都对他精彩的报告留下了深刻的印象。impress sb.with.../sb.be impressed with...以……给某人留下深刻印象。

8.Most people would agree that nuclear science should be developed to benefit the human beings __rather__ than harm them.

解析:句意:绝大多数人同意核科技发展应该造福人类而非危害人类。rather than表示“而不是;而非”之意。

9.—Our journey cost a lot of money.

—Really? Well,that doesn't matter __so/as__ long as you enjoyed yourselves.

解析:句意:——我们的旅行花了很多钱。——真的吗?不过没关系,只要你们玩得愉快。as/so long as“只要”。

10.A company__whose__ profits from home markets are declining may seek opportunities abroad.

解析:句意:一家在国内市场利润下降的公司可能会去国外谋求机会。分析题意和句子结构可知,主句中a company是主语,may seek是谓语,opportunities是宾语,而所填词要引导一个定语从句,该从句中profits是主语,are是系动词,declining是表语,profits前缺少定语,而且profits与先行词构成所属关系,故用whose引导定语从句,同时whose在从句中作profits的定语,符合题意和结构要求。

11.What we expect from you is working hard __rather__ than hardly working.

解析:句意:我们期待你的是努力做事,而不是几乎不做事。working hard 和hardly working为完全相反的两个概念,显然前后为对照、对比关系,是努力做事,而不是(rather than)几乎不做事。

12.Facing up to your problems rather __than__ running away from them is the best approach to working things out.

解析:句意:勇于面对你的问题而不是逃避它们是解决事情的最好办法。由语境可知,此处表示“面对问题而不是(rather than)逃避问题”。

13.There's a tradition in our office __that__ when it's somebody's birthday, they bring in a cake for us all to share.

解析:句意:我们办公室有一个惯例,当有人过生日时,他们要带来一个蛋糕供我们大家分享。

14.Your house is always so neat—how do you manage __it__ with three children?

解析:句意:你的房子总是如此整洁。在有三个孩子的情况下你是如何做到这一点的?manage it可以表示“有能力做到,能应付”。

15.It saves time in the kitchen to have things you use a lot__within__easy reach.

解析:within one's reach为习惯搭配,意为“伸手可及”。

Ⅱ. 完成句子

根据语境和汉语提示完成下列英语句子。

1.Xu Sanduo's wonderful performance has inspired many people to believe that happiness in life is __within_everyone's_reach__(人人伸手可及).

2.Not only is Canada a travelling paradise for tourists but also an ideal fairyland to __settle_down__(定居) for people all over the world.

3.He __has_a_gift_for__(对……有天赋) communication, and thus he __manages_to__(设法做到) mix with all kinds of people in his job.

4.He prefers to work out the puzzle by himself __rather_than__(与其/不愿) seek help from others.

5.It is suggested that government __should_take_measures__(采取措施) to prevent the infectious disease from spreading.

6.站在塔顶上,我发现自己被云雾包围着。然而我仍能看到远处的山。那迷人的景色给我留下了深刻的印象。

Standing at the top of the tower, I __found_myself_surrounded__ by some clouds.However, I could still see the mountains __in_the_distance__.The beautiful scenery impressed me a lot.

7.加拿大占地面积约1000万平方公里,有3000多万人口,是世界第二大国家。

Canada, with an area of approximately 10 million square kilometers and a population of slightly over 30 million, is __the_second_largest_country__ in the world.

8.全家将去北京旅行的消息使孩子们非常激动。

The news that the whole family would __go/be_on_a_trip_to_Beijing__ cheered the kids up.

9.明媚的阳光、宜人的气候以及迷人的风景使加州南部成为最吸引人的旅游胜地之一。

The constant sunshine and mild climate as well as its impressive scenery make southern California __one_of_the_most_popular/attractive_tourist_destinations__.

10.铅对孩子尤其有害,能造成学习及行为等问题,这一事实令我感到很惊讶。

I am surprised at __the_fact_that__ lead is especially harmful to children and can lead to learning difficulties and behavioral problems.

Ⅲ. 单句改错

1.He would rather to stay at home alone than go to the cinema with his friends.

__去掉第一个to__

2.With water surrounded the town on all sides, the local people have to go out by boat.

__surrounded→surrounding__

3.We should take measure to prevent pollution in our city.

__measure→measures__

4.As long as I can see, there is only one possible way to keep away from the danger.

__long→far__

5.On arriving at the destination, we were impressing by the beautiful scenery and people's living conditions.

__impressing→impressed__

6.Finally he caught sight of the young man's light overcoat in distance.

__in后加the__

Ⅳ. 教材原句

1.__Going__(go) eastward, you will pass mountains and thousands of lakes and forests,as well as wide rivers and large cities.

解析:考查分词作状语。go与逻辑主语you之间为主动关系,故填going。

2.The girls were surprised at the fact__that__ocean ships can sail up the Great Lakes.

解析:考查同位语从句。从句中不缺成分和语意,故填that。

3.__On__the way to the station, he chatted__about__their trip.

解析:第一空为“on the way to”,意为“去……的路上”;第二空为“chat about”意为“聊关于……的事”。

4.Many of them have a gift__for__riding wild horses and can win thousands of dollars__in__prizes.

解析:第一空为固定短语,“have a gift for”表示“在……方面有天赋”;第二空考查介词用法,表示“以……形式”,故填in。

5.People say it is Canada's most beautiful city,__surrounded__(surround) by mountains and the Pacific Ocean.

解析:考查分词作定语。surround与所修饰词之间为动宾关系,故填过去分词。

6.It has one-third of the world's total fresh water, and much of__it__is in the Great Lakes.

解析:考查代词用法。两句子中间已经有and,故此处应填代词指代上文中的内容即可。

Ⅴ. 语篇填空

That afternoon aboard the train, the cousins settled down in their seats.①__Earlier__(early) that day, when they crossed the Rocky Mountains, they managed to catch sight of some mountain goats and even ②__a__ grizzly bear and an eagle.③__Their__ next stop was Calgary, ④__which__ is famous for the Calgary Stampede.Cowboys from all over the world come to compete ⑤__in__ the Stampede.Many of them have a gift ⑥__for__ riding wild horses and can win thousands of dollars in prizes.⑦__After__ two days' travel, the girls began to realize that Canada is quite empty.At school, they ⑧__had_learned__(learn) that most Canadians live within a few hundred kilometres of the USA border, and Canada's population is only ⑨__slightly__ (slight) over thirty million, but now they were amazed ⑩__to_see__(see) such an empty country.

Ⅵ. 话题写作

用本单元所学知识完成下列句子,并按照逻辑连成短文。

1.One of our biggest dreams is__to_visit_Canada__.

参观加拿大是我们最大的梦想之一。

2.__It_was_not_until_last_year_that__we__managed_to__make it.

直到去年我们才得以做成(去加拿大)。

3.We decided to take a plane__rather_than__drive.

我们决定坐飞机去,不开车。

4.In the evening we__went_aboard__.

傍晚,我们登上飞机。

5.__At_dawn__,we were already over Canada.

黎明时,我们已经在加拿大的上空。

6.We__caught_sight_of__many lakes and mountains__in_the_distance__.

我们看到了远处的许多湖泊、山脉。

7.We__were_greatly_impressed_by__the beauty of the scenery.

美丽的景色给我们留下了深刻的印象。

组篇公式:将句5、6改成定语从句。

答案:

One of our biggest dreams is to visit Canada.However, it was not until last year that we managed to make it.We decided to take a plane rather than drive,and in the evening we went aboard.At dawn, we were already over Canada,where we caught sight of many lakes and mountains in the distance.We were greatly impressed by the beauty of the scenery.